The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC)



Frente Indec

The National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC, in its Spanish acronym) is the public body, of a technical nature, depending on the Ministry of Treasury of Argentina, which runs all the official statistical activities carried out throughout the country.

Argentine Law N° 17622, Executive Orders 3110/70, 1831/93, and Provision N° 176/99 on Statistical Secrecy establish the creation and operation of the INDEC.

Its responsibilities are: apply the statistical policy of the National Government; organize and run the National Statistical System (SEN, in its Spanish acronym); design the methodology, organize and run the national operations to gather and collect information through censuses and statistics; create basic indicators and social and economic information.

The demographic, social and economic data produced by the institute is a basic tool for the planning of public policy and for research and projections of the academic and private areas.

Cooperation of citizens and the different stakeholders is fundamental in statistical production, as they provide the primary data. Results are always published as compiled data, since individual data are confidential and are protected by the Statistical Secrecy Law.

The INDEC supports the Open Data policy, which has the objective of making the results of its work available to everyone in an unlimited and simultaneous way, and in different formats to ease access.


Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics


Good practice recommendations have been developed and standardized by international organizations (United Nations, OECD, ECLAC, Eurostat) to guarantee transparency, reliability and accessibility of public statistics.

The INDEC fosters these principles which guide its statistical production and dissemination.

Thematic areas

The INDEC works on a wide variety of topics, which follow the complexity and diversity of our country:

  • Society: labor and income, education, culture, health, living conditions, households, use of technology.
  • Economy: prices, GDP, industry, agricultural sector, construction, trade, services, balance of payments, national and international accounts, tourism.
  • Population: censuses, projections, migrations, indigenous peoples, afro-descendants, gender, specific age groups.
  • Territory: geo-referenced information, thematic maps, geographic codes, geo-statistical units.

Collection of information


Statistical information is obtained through different collection methods:

  • National censuses: gather data on all the elements which form the study universe. These surveys also provide the sampling frame for the surveys that measure the change in certain indicators during inter-census periods.
  • Sample surveys: compile data from representative samples of the study universe. The results are extended to the larger population via statistical inference methods.
  • Record statistics: are produced with information from administrative records, such as the Argentine Integrated Social Security System, the National Customs Administration (import and export goods), Civil Registry (births, deaths, and marriages), Migrations and Ministry of Health, among others.




National Institute of Statistics and Censuses

Year of creation: 1968, Argentine Law N° 17.622

Main Objectives - Run all the official statistics.
- Organize and manage the National Statistical System (SEN, in its Spanish acronym).

Legal framework Argentine Law N° 17.622:
- Guarantees Statistical Confidentiality and no disclosure of the information provided.
- Establishes the obligatory nature of providing the information required by the bodies members of the SEN


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