Frequently Asked Questions



According to the last Census, what is the total population of Argentina?

According to the 2010 Census, the total population for the national territory is 40,117,096 inhabitants. The most populated areas are the Pampa and Metropolitan areas with the 66.3% of the total of the country.

For detailed information, please visit the on the 2010 Census website.


How many national censuses have been carried out and when were the carried out?

Year President Census Denomination Contents Duration Population
1869 Domingo F. Sarmiento First Census of the Argentine Republic ("Primer Censo de la República Argentina", in Spanish) Population 3 days 1.830.214
1895 José Evaristo Uriburu Second Census of the Argentine Republic ("Segundo Censo de la República Argentina", in Spanish) Population, Agriculture, Industry 1 day 4.044.911
1914 Roque Sáenz Peña Third National Census ("Tercer Censo Nacional", in Spanish) 1 day 7.903.662
1947 Juan Domingo Perón Fourth General Census of the Nation ("Cuarto Censo General de la Nación", in Spanish) Population, Agriculture, Industry 3 days 15.893.827
1960 Arturo Frondizi Population, Housing, and Agriculture National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población, Viviendas y Agropecuario", in Spanish) Population,Housing, Agriculture 1 day 20.013.793
1970 Roberto Marcelo Levingston(de facto) Population, Families, and Housing National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población, Familias y Viviendas", in Spanish) opulation, Families, Housing 1 day 23.364.431
1980 Jorge Rafael Videla(de facto) Population and Housing National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda", in Spanish) Population, Housing 1 day 27.949.480
1991 Carlos Saúl Menem Population and Housing National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda", in Spanish) Population, Households, Housing 1 day 32.615.528
2001 Fernando de la Rúa Population, Households, and Housing National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas", in Spanish) Population, Households, Housing 2 days 36.260.130
2010 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner Population, Households, and Housing National Census ("Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas", in Spanish) Population, Households, Housing 1 day 40.117.096


What questions were asked in the last Census?

The questions on the Forms may be downloaded here:

Basic questionnaire for private dwellings

Extended questionnaire for private dwellings

Questionnaire for collective dwellings

2010 Census included questions about disability, indigenous peoples, and home technological equipment. It also added new subjects such as Afro-descendants and the use of the computer.

Which is the area of the Country and its Provinces?

Province Area (km2)
Total of the Country 3.761.274
City of Buenos Aires 200
Buenos Aires: 307.571
         24 Districts of Greater Buenos Aires (2) 3.680
         Outside Greater Buenos Aires (3) 303.891
Catamarca 102.602
Chaco 99.633
Chubut 224.686
Córdoba 165.321
Corrientes 88.199
Entre Ríos 78.781
Formosa 72.066
Jujuy 53.219
La Pampa 143.440
La Rioja 89.680
Mendoza 148.827
Misiones 29.801
Neuquén 94.078
Río Negro 203.013
Salta 155.488
San Juan 89.651
San Luis 76.748
Santa Cruz 243.943
Santa Fe 133.007
Santiago del Estero 136.351
Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur(2) 1.022.445
Tucumán 22.524

(1) Al Continente Americano corresponden 2.791.810 km² (incluyendo las Islas Malvinas: 11.410 km²); al Antártico 965.597 km² (incluyendo las Islas Orcadas del Sur: 750 km²); y a las Islas Australes 3.867 km² (Georgias del Sur: 3.560 km² y Sandwich del Sur: 307 km²).

(2) Comprende los siguientes 24 Partidos de la provincia de Buenos Aires: Almirante Brown, Avellaneda, Berazategui, Esteban Echeverría, Ezeiza, Florencio Varela, General San Martín, Hurlingham, Ituzaingó, Jose C. Paz, La Matanza, Lanús, Lomas de Zamora, Malvinas Argentinas, Merlo, Moreno, Morón, Quilmes, San Fernando, San Isidro, San Miguel,Tigre, Tres de Febrero y Vicente López.

(3) Corresponde a los 111 partidos restantes.

Note: neither the Argentine swath of ocean of 200 nautical miles that correspond to the South Atlantic Ocean nor the waters of the Río de la Plata are included in the total area of the country.

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC). National Geographic Institute (IGN, in its Spanish acronym).

What is Greater Buenos Aires?

INDEC calls Greater Buenos Aires to the area that comprises the City of Buenos Aires and the Districts of Greater Buenos Aires (in the administrative sense, that is, 24 complete districts). For more information, please read the following document.

Where can I find more information?

At the Statistical Services Center: Julio A. Roca 609 in the City of Buenos Aires, from 9:30 to 16. There you can find a Library at your disposal with INDEC historical documentation and a huge amount of sources of national and international statistical information.

How many zeroes have been removed from the national currency?

Evolution of the Argentine currency with reference to the peso

To 31-12-1969 peso moneda nacional m$n 10.000.000.000.000
To 31-05-1983 peso ley 18.888 $ley 100.000.000.000
To 14-06-1985 peso argentino $a 10.000.000
To 31-12-1991 Austral A 10.000
From 01-01-1992 Peso $ 1


How can I update a debt or a value?

Please, consult the document How to use a Price Index to learn how to update a debt or a value.

Where can I find data related to the Reference Stabilization Coefficient (CER, in its Spanish acronym)?

This coefficient is elaborated by the Argentine Central Bank. Information may be requested at (+54 11) 4348-3500 or at the following website: www.bcra.gov.ar, under the title "Estadísticas e Indicadores", subtitle "Monetarias y Financieras"


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